How does everyone die in Macbeth?

Duncan, Banquo, and Lady Macduff and her children are killed by, or on the orders of, Macbeth. Lady Macbeth dies under mysterious circumstances (likely suicide). Macbeth himself is killed in single combat by Macduff.

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The characters who die in Macbeth meet their ends in the following ways:

  • Macdonwald, the rebel, is killed in battle by Macbeth just before the play begins, and the treacherous Thane of Cawdor is executed soon afterwards on Duncan's orders. Neither of these characters ever appear onstage.
  • King...

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The characters who die in Macbeth meet their ends in the following ways:

  • Macdonwald, the rebel, is killed in battle by Macbeth just before the play begins, and the treacherous Thane of Cawdor is executed soon afterwards on Duncan's orders. Neither of these characters ever appear onstage.
  • King Duncan is stabbed in his sleep by Macbeth.
  • Duncan's unnamed bodyguards are killed by Macbeth after the body of Duncan is discovered. Macbeth frames them for Duncan's murder, just as he and Lady Macbeth planned.
  • Banquo is set upon by three murderers and dies fighting them, allowing his son, Fleance, to escape. Macbeth is responsible for Banquo's death, as he is the one who hired the murderers.
  • Lady Macduff and her son are murdered by Macbeth's hired murderers. One of Lady Macduff's sons is killed onstage, in front of her eyes, and we later hear that she and her other children have also been murdered. It is not clear how many children Macduff has, but since he says "all" when referring to his offspring, he presumably has more than one child.
  • Lady Macbeth dies offstage under uncertain circumstances. Malcolm says in his final speech that it is believed she committed suicide, a conclusion which is supported by her deteriorating mental state throughout the play.
  • Young Siward is killed in single combat by Macbeth. This happens onstage.
  • Macbeth is killed in single combat by Macduff. This happens offstage and is revealed when Macduff returns to the stage holding Macbeth's severed head.
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