How does Eteocles first learn the city is about to be attacked by Argive forces? In what mood does the chorus first enter the orchestra? Why are they in this mood? What is Eteocles’ response to the opening choral song? What does he think of what they say? What fate does the chorus sing concerning the female victims of war? What becomes of such victims? On what (whom) does Eteocles say he will rely as he goes out to fight his brother? What is the chorus’ response to Eteocles arming to fight his own brother? On what grounds is Eteocles impervious to their pleas?

When the chorus first appears in Seven against Thebes, it is depicted as terrified, due to the knowledge that Polynices' army is marching against the city walls. Eteocles disapproves strongly of this reaction and his response is to rebuke them, stating that their terrified panic can only aid their enemies, by hampering attempts to defend the city.

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Aeschylus's Seven against Thebes revolves around the power struggle between the brothers Eteocles and Polynices over the city state of Thebes. Its perspective is taken from within the city itself, as Polynices aims to attack and capture Thebes by force.

Aeschylus introduces the Chorus of Theban women in a context by which the start of the battle is already imminent, with the Argive army soon to reach the walls. Fully aware of the crisis on hand, the women are depicted as terrified and despondent. Their reaction is one of wailing lamentation, as they are convinced that Polynices's attack will mean devastation for the city and themselves. Thus, in their panic, they are shown praying desperately to the various gods for deliverance.

Eteocles's response is to rebuke them for their fear and panic (and be aware that there is a strongly misogynistic component to his attitude here, as he frames their reaction as being womanly behavior, something he characterizes as disastrous to the continued well-being of the state). For Eteocles, their panic only spreads further panic, damaging any attempts to defend the city from attack. He does not universally condemn prayer or appeals to the gods in this type of situation, rather he insists that the women maintain their composure. Then Eteocles declares his intention to summon six champions of his own, who would (along with himself) lead the defense against their attackers.

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