How does Elizabeth Proctor change from act I to act IV in The Crucible?

Elizabeth Proctor changes from an insensitive, cold woman in act 1 to a self-aware, loving wife in act 4. She manages to forgive John's transgressions, accept responsibility for her behavior, and offer her husband support when he needs it the most. By the end of the play, Elizabeth transforms into a humble, selfless woman, who wants what is best for John and makes amends with her husband before he dies a martyr.

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When we're first introduced to Elizabeth Proctor in act 1, she comes across as quite a cold, aloof figure. This is undoubtedly deliberate on Miller's part, as he wants to provide John Proctor with an obvious motivation for cheating on his wife with Abigail Williams. When Elizabeth discovers the illicit affair between John and Abigail, she becomes even colder and more aloof. For good measure, she also distances herself from her husband, as she is understandably unable to trust him after his philandering.

For quite some time, and much to John's displeasure, Elizabeth gives him quite a hard time over his cheating. However, over the course of the play, as the witch-craze gets uncomfortably close to home, Elizabeth shows how much she loves John despite everything that's happened. She does this by courageously standing up before the court and denying that there was any affair between John and Abigail. Even though this undermines the credibility of John's case, Elizabeth nonetheless thinks...

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