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Setting can be a major influence in particular stories because the setting and time period play a pivotal role. For example, the novel To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930s. Besides the fact that racial discrimination was rampant in the 1930s, the rape that occurred in the novel had some similarities to the Scottsboro Trial of 1931. In this particular trial, 9 young African American boys were accused of rape by 2 underaged white women based on the testimony of one woman. None of the men were killed, but many were put on death row for many years. Since Lee wrote this book during the Civil Rights Era, she wanted the South in the 1930s to play a pivotal role. Another example is The Things They Carried by Tim O'Brien. This novel is O'Brien's memories of the Vietnam war, in which he was drafted and fought. The Vietnam war was the setting and the main conflict and connection with all of the men and women in the novel. Another example is The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The novel truly shows the American Dream and the greed that went with a generation willing to pay and buy anything and everything. Finally, in the novella The Call of the Wild by Jack London, London plays up the setting and the wildness of the Alaskan wilderness and weather. As the dogs, Buck, and the many "owners" travel, everyone has to deal with the weather and survival of the fittest portrayed as one of the main conflicts and themes of the novella. Without the terrain, the weather, the elements, and the fact that the wilderness, in its own right, symbolizes the internal nature of Buck, the novella would not be the same.
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