How does Dickens use Scrooge to draw attention to the social reform that was so urgently required in Victorian England with his work "A Christmas Carol"? 

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Initially, Scrooge represents the heartless mindset Victorian society often adopted when it came to society's unfortunates. Rather than pitying the poor and disadvantaged, Victorian society ignored these people. Scrooge verbalizes such sentiments when he refuses to donate to charity:

“At this festive season of the year, Mr. Scrooge,” said the gentleman, taking up a pen, “it is more than usually desirable that we should make some slight provision for the Poor and destitute, who suffer greatly at the present time. Many thousands are in want of common necessaries; hundreds of thousands are in want of common comforts, sir.”

“Are there no prisons?” asked Scrooge.

“Plenty of prisons,” said the gentleman, laying down the pen again.

“And the Union workhouses?” demanded Scrooge. “Are they still in operation?”

“They are. Still,” returned the gentleman, “I wish I could say they were not.”

“The Treadmill and the Poor Law are in full vigour, then?” said Scrooge.

“Both...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 845 words.)

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