How does Dickens present Scrooge's redemption in stave five of A Christmas Carol?
By stave five, Scrooge has been visited by all three spirits and the process of reforming his character is complete. This stave is, therefore, concerned with presenting Scrooge's redemption which contains Dickens' most important message: if you work hard to change your ways, good things will come to you.
We see examples of this message at numerous points in stave five. By reaching out to others, Scrooge is able to secure the prize turkey and send it to the Cratchits, for instance, and be reconciled with the man who visited him on the previous day asking for a charitable donation. Scrooge is also able to enjoy Christmas dinner with his nephew, Fred, where he feels "at home" in five minutes, even after all that has passed between them.
Perhaps the most important example of Dickens' redemptive message is in Scrooge's relationship with Tiny Tim. To him, Scrooge becomes a "second father" and he greatly improves Tim's circumstances by giving Bob a pay rise which assists the "struggling" family.
Finally, Scrooge's redemption demonstrates another key message: that if you do good deeds, all that came before will be forgotten. We see this at its most illustrative in the closing lines of the story: "He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man, as the good old city knew, or any other good old city, town, or borough, in the good old world."