Scrooge has a deeply emotional response to the visit of the ghosts. This results in a joyful and lasting personal transformation. As he awakes on Christmas morning he thinks:
Time before him was his own, to make amends in! “I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future!” Scrooge repeated, as he scrambled out of bed. “The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. Oh Jacob Marley! Heaven, and the Christmas Time be praised for this!
As a result of his transformation, Scrooge begins to live generously. He also becomes sociable with his relatives and neighbors. Sociality and generosity are the hallmarks of his change. He takes a benevolent and paternal interest in the Cratchits, gives Bob Cratchit a raise, helps Tiny Tim, visits his relatives cheerfully, and does good for his community.
It is striking that this a personal transformation of one person. Nothing else about his society has changed. This reflects Dickens's belief that individual actions, especially on the part of...
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