How does Dickens present ideas about joy and happiness in chapter 2 of A Christmas Carol?

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In the second chapter or stave of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol, Scrooge meets the Ghost of Christmas Past, and he is transported back in memory to times of both joy and sadness.

Scrooge sees a "little market-town" where boys "in great spirits" are shouting and singing and laughing. Scrooge knows the boys and the other people he sees, and he is surprised to find himself "filled with gladness" as he listens to their Christmas greetings. He has probably not felt such joy in a long time, and he quickly stops himself, trying to convince himself that joy and greetings are useless.

Scrooge sees his beloved sister and listens to her joy when she comes to bring him home for the holidays. He watches, too, as his younger self celebrates Christmas Eve with glee at Fezziwig's place. These were wonderful times with music and dancing and feasting. Joy was abundant and overflowing, and guests and hosts alike shared in it. Scrooges gets caught up in the merrymaking, enjoying everything all over again. Scrooge is rediscovering joy.

But then the scenes turn darker and sadder as Scrooge must relive the loss of his beloved. After the joy he has just experienced, he feels the contrast of the sorrow all the more. But Scrooge must know both joy and sorrow if he is to learn how to be truly human again.

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