How does Dickens present Bob Cratchit's family in stave 3 of A Christmas Carol?

Dickens presents Bob Cratchit's family in stave 3 of A Christmas Carol as being poor but happy. Although the Cratchits have little or no money, they are still a loving, mutually supportive family. As Scrooge sees for himself, there's a lot of warmth in the Cratchit household, despite the absolute pittance he pays Bob. Scrooge also gets to witness the joy of Christmas at first hand, something he hasn't experienced for many years.

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In stave 3, Scrooge is visited by the Ghost of Christmas Present, who takes him to the Cratchit household in the poorest section of town, where the family is celebrating Christmas dinner. Dickens humanizes Bob Cratchit and his family by portraying them as grateful and joyous for the opportunity to celebrate the Christmas holiday together. Despite their poverty, cramped home, and humble meal, the members of the Cratchit family demonstrate their happiness and inherent joy by laughing and entertaining each other around the dinner table. The Cratchit family embodies the light-hearted Christmas spirit and thoroughly enjoys each other's company as they discuss their future circumstances with optimism and faith. Although their living conditions are depressing and their financial situation is unsteady, the Cratchits possess infinite hope, and their love seems to keep them balanced and fulfilled.

Their warm, friendly environment stands in sharp contrast with Scrooge's current situation. Despite having significantly more money and financial security, Scrooge lacks everything the Cratchits have in abundance, which is joy, companionship, and love. Among the thankful members of the Cratchit family is Tiny Tim, whose memorable character evokes the audience's sympathy. Upon witnessing Tiny Tim, Scrooge becomes emotional and inquires about his health and future. Bob then praises Scrooge as the "Founder of the Feast," which influences Scrooge to reflect on his unfair treatment of Bob and entertain the possibility of changing his lifestyle. Overall, Dickens humanizes the poor by depicting the Cratchits as a grateful, pleasant family, who thoroughly enjoys each other's company and embodies the Christmas spirit.

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In this particular scene, one could say that Dickens is attempting to humanize the poor. In Dickens's day it was all too common for people to blame the poor for their own sufferings. According to the prevailing prejudice of the time, poverty was primarily due to moral failing; if you were poor, so the argument went, it was your own fault.

This unpleasant attitude is shared by Scrooge, who sees no reason why the poorest members of society shouldn't be sent to prison or to a workhouse if they need something to eat. Scrooge's heartlessness was by no means unusual in those days, as Dickens would've been all too aware. And so Dickens challenges this prejudice, held almost certainly by many of his readers, by showing the poor in a positive light.

That's where the Cratchits come in. They are presented to Scrooge and the reader in stave 3 as a happy, loving family, despite their poverty. The Cratchits may have nothing in material terms, but that doesn't stop them from excitedly preparing for the Christmas holidays. And even though poor Tiny Tim's health continues to deteriorate, he still plays a full part in the family's preparations.

It's clear that Tiny Tim is a loved and treasured member of the Cratchit family, and through him and his family Dickens conveys the important message that the weakest and most vulnerable members of society are human beings, too.

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Stave III describes Scrooge's encounter with the spirit of Christmas Present. The spirit takes Scrooge to observe the Cratchit family celebrating Christmas in the here and now.

Dickens presents the Cratchit family as having a life very different—opposite, in fact—from the life Scrooge leads. He has all the money he could possibly need and more, but he is alone and has rejected all overtures of friendship. His heart has shriveled up through both isolation and his fixation on making money.

In contrast, the Cratchits are very poor, without enough material resources to get proper medical treatment for Tiny Tim or have more than a very modest Christmas feast. Unlike Scrooge, however, they have love for each other and the joy of companionship as they celebrate the holiday. Their hearts are large and generous, even if they suffer from want. While Mrs. Cartachit has hard words about Scrooge, Bob doesn't want to hear these on Christmas.

Until this time, Scrooge has been unable to perceive his poor clerk as fully human, as a man with a family to support, a person with real wants and needs that might not be covered by the tiny bit of pay Scrooge offers him.

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In Stave 3 of Dickens' "A Christmas Carol," Bob Cratchit's family is presented as an extremely poor, but mostly joyous family. The spirit of Christmas present has taken Dickens to watch the family's evening festivities. Dickens uses great detail to describe the family's living situation, their home, clothes and food. Details describe the family's thread-bare clothes in particular but also the sparse furnishings of their home and slight indulgences that even their Christmas dinner holds. However, Dickens also goes to great lengths in Stave 3 to describe the family's demeanor as one filled with love, affection and joy that the family is together on Christmas. The only low point for the evening occurs when the family mentions the mean-spirit of Scrooge. This is short lived however and the family returns to being happy and sharing laughter in front of the fire. Dickens makes it clear that this joy and laughter remains with the family despite their poor living circumstances, the harshness of Scrooge as a boss and the poor health of Tiny Tim, the Cratchit's son.

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