In his classic novella A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens portrays three kinds of poverty: poverty of means, poverty of will, and poverty of spirit.
Poverty of means is described early in the story by one of the "portly men" who comes into Ebenezer Scrooge's counting house soliciting funds for the poor.
“At this festive season of the year, Mr. Scrooge,” said the gentleman, taking up a pen, “it is more than usually desirable that we should make some slight provision for the poor and destitute, who suffer greatly at the present time. Many thousands are in want of common necessaries; hundreds of thousands are in want of common comforts, sir.”
This kind of poverty is so endemic that the "portly men" and Scrooge are able to discuss society's attempts address the problem.
“Are there no prisons?” asked Scrooge.
“Plenty of prisons,” said the gentleman, laying down the pen again.
“And the Union workhouses?” demanded Scrooge. “Are they still in operation?”
“They are. Still,”...
(The entire section contains 883 words.)