How does Diamond explain the fact that domesticable American apples and grapes were not domesticated until the arrival of Europeans? in Guns, Germs, and Steel

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Diamond explains that it is unlikely that Native Americans would have overthrown their traditional nomadic hunting-gathering existence to settle down into a sedentary food-producing way of life unless several other domesticable plants and animals were available to make the transition worthwhile.  In other words, it didn't have anything to do...

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Diamond explains that it is unlikely that Native Americans would have overthrown their traditional nomadic hunting-gathering existence to settle down into a sedentary food-producing way of life unless several other domesticable plants and animals were available to make the transition worthwhile.  In other words, it didn't have anything to do with the apples or grapes specifically, but rather the limited number of additional potentially valuable crops in the area that would have made the lifestyle change appealing.  He suggests that Native Americans likely would have gotten around to domesticating these crops eventually, but that Europeans arrived before they progressed to that state.

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