The Democratic Party of the 1850's is actually the same party as the Democratic Party today, although their beliefs and platforms have changed significantly. This is the same party that Thomas Jefferson started because he believed the Federal government was gaining too much power. Imagine what he would think of the Democrats today! The party got its name under Andrew Jackson and had its first National Convention in 1832 and formed its National Committee in 1848. As the question of slavery began to split the country on geographic lines, a portion of Northern Democrats broke away from their party to form the Northern Democrats while some joined the newly created Republican Party. The Democrats survived the Civil War and went on to become the party of farmers as well as immigrants working for change in both urban and rural areas. In many ways the Democratic party today has ideals that are exactly opposite of those it held when it was founded in the early 19th century. It has changed from a party that supported limited government to a party that expects government to provide everything for its citizens, but it is indeed the same organization.
The Democratic Party of the Past and the Present is somewhat similar but it had different beliefs and ideals incalculated within their party members.
In the past, it started at the early 1803s to the 1850s, by Andrew Jackson, who gave the Democrats its name, as he sincerely felt that the Federalist was gaining too much unnecessary power, which he deemed inappropriate. This was the start of the "Jacksonian Democracy". The Democratic Party was full of farmers, city-dwelling laborers and Irish Catholics
In the Present, the Democratic Party was leaded by President Barack Obama, the 44th one. It placed more emphasis on the welfare of the citizens with its health plans and other incentives. It placed equal importance on the war against terrorism, deploying more troops to Afghanistan to fight Al-Qaeda.