How does the Constitution relate to the American legal system?How does the Constitution relate to the American legal system?

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besure77's profile pic

besure77 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

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The Unites States Constitution relates to the American legal system in a number of very important ways. First of all, the Constitution establishes the three branches of government that we currently have which are the judicial branch, legislative branch, and executive branch. The judicial branch consists of the court system, the legislative branch consists of Congress and government agencies, and the executive branch makes sure that all the laws in the United States are followed.

The Constitution is the framework for how our entire government works in accordance to many different things.

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The Constitution helps to provide the structure, purpose, and function to the American legal system.  It tells citizens and authorities what they can do, where their limits are, and how individuals are to function in the American social system.  The Constitution clearly identifies what entitlements are afforded to all of the individuals that it inhabits and helps to identify the consequences for those who commit transgressions against this blueprint.  Institutionally, the Constitution identifies how government is constructed.  It also explains how each part of government is specifically designed to interact with another one.  Violation of the Constitution in both individual and institutional forms carry sanctions or punishments that have to be accepted.  As the rule of law, the Constitution is the first and last word in our legal system.  It is the reason why justice has carried itself for the last two hundred plus years, and while it is far from perfect, its structure and form given to the American legal system has helped it endure through many a trial.

brettd's profile pic

brettd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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Well, that's a fairly broad question so I'm guessing a bit at your meaning.  The Constitution is the authority for our legal system, the framework within which it exists.  It created the third branch of the government, the judicial branch, and spelled out fairly specifically what it could do.

As far as the actual interpretation and enforcement of laws goes, the Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and all federal, state and local laws must be compliant with the framework the Constitution provides.

The more detailed aspects of our legal system - how many justices there will be and how courts will be designed and judges appointed are left to the Congress and the states.  When Congress passed two different Judiciary Acts in 1789 and 1801, they were constructing the details of the legal system, yet still operating under the Constitutional framework and its authority.

krishna-agrawala's profile pic

krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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American constitution may be considered as the central pillar of the American legal system. All other laws and legal practices must be supported and approved by the constitution, or else these must fall down. We have a rule of law in the US because we have a constitution that defines what is rule of law and then insists that this rule of law must override any other considerations. Without the constitution there may not have been any rule of law, or even the country, as we know it today. This constitution has given the people and the government a purpose and direction to preserve and protect the country and its special characteristics and ideals defined by the constitution.

sb115's profile pic

sb115 | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

Posted on

The Unites States Constitution relates to the American legal system in a number of very important ways. First of all, the Constitution establishes the three branches of government that we currently have which are the judicial branch, legislative branch, and executive branch. The judicial branch consists of the court system, the legislative branch consists of Congress and government agencies, and the executive branch makes sure that all the laws in the United States are followed.

The Constitution is the framework for how our entire government works in accordance to many different things.

thank you so much for your help it really helped me alot

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