Character develops theme in several ways. The author uses a character as the spokesperson for the author's views or opposes the author's views, either of which becomes obvious by what happens to the character in the story. Theme really is the message the author wants to convey to the reader, and the character can either say things which express the theme, or exchange ideas with other characters which include the theme ideas. Characters can also do actions which show what the author wishes to convey for theme. For example, in To Kill a Mockingbird, the author has Atticus Finch defend the idea that Tom Robinson deserves a fair trial for allegedly attacking a white woman even though Tom is black and the town racist. This action shows how Harper Lee really feels about the racism of the people. What other characters say about another character is another way to develop theme, as Harper Lee uses when other characters yell at Atticus Finch when he defends the jail and Tom Robinson in the jail.