I have provided a link here to a video made by the British Library, and delivered by John Bowen, Professor of English at the University of York, which outlines seven key characteristics of Gothic fiction. And below, I have drawn on some of these characteristics in reference to chapter 5 of Frankenstein.
The first notable Gothic feature in chapter 5 of Frankenstein is the setting. Gothic settings are often dark and dreary. In chapter 5, the setting is described as "a dreary night of November," with "the rain patter[ing] dismally against the [window] panes." Dark, dismal, dreary settings like this are often used in Gothic literature to reflect a darkness within the protagonist or to create a sense of ominous foreboding to imply that something terrible is about to happen.
The second notable Gothic feature in chapter 5 is the presence of the supernatural. In Gothic literature, the supernatural may take the form of vampires, ghosts, or monsters of some other sort, and the primary function of the...
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