How does Camus emphasize through setting that the universe is a random and absurd place?

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Camus's "The Guest" uses a geographically isolated setting to mirror the protagonist's psychological isolation. Besides being in a liminal space between two separate worlds—the Algerian natives and their French colonizers—Daru's schoolhouse also separates him from other people. He is surprised when Baldacci arrives with the Arab prisoner because of the blizzard-like weather that has halted classes at Daru's schoolhouse.

The weather itself seems unexpected, or even ridiculous, based on the text's description that it came in "mid-October after eight months of draught." This shows that the weather in this location is unpredictable and somewhat random. One would not expect snow at such an early point in the autumn season. This suggests that the natural order of things is actually a kind of chaotic disorder; it's clear based on the description of the blackboard that the snow interrupted Daru's plans for his students.

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The setting in the short story "The Guest" resonates symbolically.  Daru's schoolhouse is isolated on the steep plateau, reflecting his personal isolation from both the Arabs and the French, a moral divide.  He does not want to be involved with the political conflict.  In particular, Camus uses the odd weather to reflect the absurdity of the universe.The snowstorm has isolated Daru from his students, the only connection to humanity that he has until the prisoner comes.  The snow becomes symbolic of man's isolation in a random world.

The criticism in the second link below addresses this question in specific detail. 

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