How does Banquo foil Macbeth?

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Banquo acts as Macbeth's foil by highlighting some of the tyrant king's most unpleasant character traits. Throughout the play, Banquo remains true to his noble principles, while Macbeth abandons them in the pursuit of untrammeled power. To a considerable extent, Banquo represents what Macbeth was like before he heard the Weird Sisters' prophecies and still could've been had he exercised the same degree of caution as his friend in interpreting those prophecies. Just imagine how things would've turned out had Macbeth treated the witches' prophecies in the same way as his friend.

Banquo also foils Macbeth by reminding him of his wickedness. Macbeth would dearly love to remove all traces of guilt from his conscience. Despite having achieved his ambition to become king of Scotland, he cannot enjoy his power, as he remains racked with guilt for murdering Duncan.

The sudden, frightening appearance of Banquo's ghost brings home to Macbeth the uncomfortable fact that no matter what he does or how much...

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