How does ballroom dancing function as a metaphor for the larger meaning of "MASTER HAROLD" . . . and the Boys?
In Master Harold ... And the Boys, the larger meaning speaks of abandoning the set ways of society's dictates along with abandoning the psychologically governing and entrenched ways of family behavior. Sam tries to teach Hally (Master Harold) to do this while living under the restrictions and prejudices of apartheid. Sam's teachings are exemplified when Sam extends his hand toward Hally to reconcile their breach as Hally sits alone on the "Whites Only" bench.
Ballroom dancing is a metaphor for this larger meaning because dancing too requires partnerships in learning and invitations to rise...
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Ballroom dancing signifies a world without collisions -- where everything & everyone corporate and will not bump into each other with difficult situations. Ballroom dancing also demonstrates inclusion as Willie decided to work with Hilda for the competition when he refused to in the latter half of the story.