The author uses the literary devices of metaphor and irony to underscore the theme of the brevity of life and the importance of living it for oneself.
The story is full of metaphors and similes that are used to describe the emotions that describe Louise’s reaction to her husband’s death. All of these contribute to the theme by helping the author feel as if we are inside Louise’s head, experiencing with her. In addition there is a sense of irony—first that Louise is relieved that her husband is dead (not what we’d expect), and then that she dies of joy immediately after becoming free. All of these literary devices are used by the author to reinforce the theme that life is short and we need to live it for ourselves.
The first metaphor shows the initial impact of learning that her husband is dead.
When the storm of grief had spent itself she went away to her room alone. She would have no one follow her.
Louise reacts like most people would at first. She is overcome. The...
(The entire section contains 695 words.)