In To Kill a Mockingbird, how does Atticus advise Jem to react to Mrs. Dubose's taunts?

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In chapter 11, Scout offers a vivid description of her racist, confrontational neighbor Mrs. Dubose, who would sit on her porch and make derogatory remarks to her and Jem whenever they would walk past her home. Mrs. Dubose would unapologetically call Scout and her brother disrespectful mutts and continually criticize their father. Scout mentions that numerous evenings Jem would come home furious about something Mrs. Dubose had said. Whenever Jem came home angry, Atticus would advise him to relax and exercise empathy towards her. Atticus would tell Jem,

Easy does it, son . . . She’s an old lady and she’s ill. You just hold your head high and be a gentleman. Whatever she says to you, it’s your job not to let her make you mad. (Lee, 103)

Atticus not only advises his son to control his temper and act like a gentleman, but he also models ideal behavior by keeping his composure during his interactions with Mrs. Dubose. Despite her derogatory, hateful comments, Atticus would stop in front of her home and say, "Good evening, Mrs. Dubose! You look like a picture this evening" (Lee, 104). Despite Atticus's advice, Jem ends up losing his temper and destroying her camellia bush after she offensively says, "Your father’s no better than the niggers and trash he works for!" (Lee, 105).

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Atticus knew that Mrs. Dubose was giving Jem and Scout grief each time they walked by her house. He also knew that Mrs. Dubose was old and sick, and he felt sympathy for her. Scout recalled that Atticus would come home many times to find Jem "furious" as a result of Mrs. Dubose's cruel comments to him. He gave Jem this advice:

She's an old lady and she's ill. You just hold your head high and be a gentleman. Whatever she says to you, it's your job not to let her make you mad.

Although Jem tried his best to follow his father's instructions, the day came when his self-control finally broke, and he destroyed Mrs. Dubose's prize camellia bushes.

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