How does Animal Farm reflect the Russian revolution?

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Orwell's characters and the events that transpire throughout the story symbolize and correspond to historical events associated with the 1917 Russian Revolution and the early years of the Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin. Old Major symbolically represents Karl Marx or Vladimir Lenin, and the school of...

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Orwell's characters and the events that transpire throughout the story symbolize and correspond to historical events associated with the 1917 Russian Revolution and the early years of the Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin. Old Major symbolically represents Karl Marx or Vladimir Lenin, and the school of thought known as Animalism that the pigs develop allegorically represents communism. Snowball represents the intellectual revolutionary Leon Trotsky, and Napoleon symbolizes Joseph Stalin. Squealer represents Stalin's propaganda machine, while the nine ferocious dogs symbolize Stalin's secret police force. Boxer represents the proletariat working class, while Mollie represents Russia's bourgeois middle class. The initial Rebellion allegorically represents the 1917 Russian Revolution, ending with the abdication of Czar Nicholas II, who is symbolically represented by Mr. Jones in the novella. The Battle of the Cowshed represents the infighting during the Russian Civil War of 1917-1922, and the Battle of the Windmill represents the Battle of Stalingrad, when the Soviets defeated the German Army in 1943.

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This question has already been asked and answered many times here on eNotes.  Here is a comprehensive link for you:  http://www.enotes.com/animal-farm/q-and-a/tags/russian+revolution

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Animal Farm is an allegory which uses a fable to pretty much retell the Russian revolution and give comment on it. If you use the link below, you will see how most of the characters in the novel correspond to the major players in the revolution. Farmer Jones represents Czar Nicholas and the way Orwell saw that he treated his people (neglected them in favor of treating himself well). Old Major symbolized Karl Marx, who gave the people a vision of communism where everyone would be equal to everyone else and the people would be in charge of their own destinies. Orwell's feeling about the revolution can be summed up in how he ended the story...where the leaders of the "animalist" group became just as corrupt as the people they overthrew.

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