How does the absence of a narrator in Hedda Gabbler, a play (as opposed to a novel), affect the requirement for critical thinking in the viewer?

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Your question seems to infer that the medium of the novel does all the work for the reader and does not force them to engage their brains in critical thinking in the same way that watching a play does. I would have to disagree if this is what you are saying. Both novels and plays, depending on how they are constructed, can force the reader or viewer to have to engage in them actively to pick up what the author/playwright is suggesting. You might like to think of the plays of Arthur Miller, particularly The Crucible, where before each character enters he gives lengthy introductions to them so as to put them in context and tell us about their various traits, as an example of a play where, in this sense at least, the need for active viewing is slightly diminished.

However, to...

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