In "A Modest Proposal," Swift uses satire to savage the English establishment for its treatment of Ireland as well as mock what he sees as the pretensions of the gentleman scientists of the Royal Society. He makes his satire all the more effective by writing it in the form of a learned scientific paper, the kind that would be read out by a scientist to his learned fellows at the Royal Society, England's foremost national academy of sciences.
The "Proposal" expertly cloaks the heartlessness of the English political establishment in Ireland with the disinterested style of the natural scientist. What the fictitious author of the "Proposal" is putting forward is immoral and disgusting, but in using the language of science, he's able to give his revolting ideas a facade of academic respectability.
What Swift is driving at here is the way that those in positions of authority—be it scientific, political, intellectual, or whatever—routinely abuse language to hide their true intentions. This is...
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