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`2x + 5 < 16` is an inequality.  In order to solve an equality, the rules are generally the same as solving equations. Use inverse operations to isolate the variable.

`2x + 5 < 16` First, subtract 5 from each side.

`2x < 11` Next, divide both sides by 2.

`x < 11/2` This is your solution.

The solution to `2x + 5 < 16`  is `x < 11/2` or `x < 5.5.`

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