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We need to see this attack in the perspective of what was going on in World War II and in particular the links between the Dutch West Indies and the Allied forces. The oil-rich nature of this colony meant it was an incredibly important asset for the Allies, and this made it a target of the Nazis who were trying to cripple the supply lines of the Allies as part of their offensive strategy.
The German U-boat attacks were meant to knock out the all-important oil refineries found in the Dutch West Indies. The production of oil was a crucial asset to Allied shipping and was one of the best-protected areas in the world, since the German presence was limited in the Western Hemisphere.
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