The identification part of selection would be to narrow down the broad spectrum of research areas that are available. There is simply too much out there to use it all, so narrow it down to a more specific area. Once you have gotten to a specific area you are interested in, now we need to examine content areas, which content would you like to conduct the research in? This will require some more condensation, as there are numerous areas that are wide-open to research.
Once the content area has been selected, we need to define what specific part of the content we will be working on. The best selections are those still in the developmental phases, although one could research areas already well-established as well.
Once the research area has been defined, it must be provided with a framework; start with a specific question, or statement, as to what the purpose of the research will be. Following the steps enumerated by the scientific method, one may either put forth a hypothesis, or conduct research at this point. Once the hypothesis has been put into place, how will you prove or disprove the hypothesis? All this must be listed within the framework of the research problem.
The next step, of course would be to conduct the experimentation, carefully collect the research data. An analysis of the data would ensue, upon which we would base the conclusion. All these steps would be listed and expounded upon in the framework.