How do you cite from a stave in an essay?

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In Charles Dickens's little novel, he refers to what most of us would call chapters as staves. The title of the novel refers to a carol, or a Christmas song, and so we might think of a stave according to its old definition as a musical staff. In this way, then, Dickens seems to be creatively naming the chapters of his book as though they were parts of a song—a Christmas carol (as the title of the book suggests). There is nothing special that one need do to cite from a particular stave, just as there is nothing special one must do to cite from a specific chapter in another novel. After you finish quoting a line from the novel, you simply place the author's last name followed by the page number in parentheses, prior to the period which will end the sentence. After the first time you cite the novel in this way, you do not need to continue to include the author's last name in the parenthetical citations, and you can simply put the page number in parentheses. This is true unless you are switching back and forth between citing this text and another text; if this is the case, then you should put the author's last name with the page number each time you return to a discussion of this text.

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