in 1984, George Orwell shows both Winston and O’Brien as shifting constantly in their attitudes toward Big Brother and the Party.
One of the novel’s central themes is the inability for Oceanians to find stability, because truth is presented as mutable and unreliable. Although Winston understands this dilemma because of his work at the Ministry of Truth, he wants to help improve his society so that moral and ethical behavior becomes possible. This is one reason he turns to O’Brien. Winston initially hopes to believe that Big Brother is more than omniscient and omnipotent: that he is also completely benevolent. The idea that their leader stands for goodness appeals to him, but he loses this romantic notion as he finds himself dreaming of bringing him “down.”
O’Brien, in contrast, espouses noble principles, but the reader is encouraged...
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