I am assuming you are refering to Kiowa's background as a Christian but also his Indian heritage. Kiowa is a very interesting character in this excellent story because of this division within him. He shows himself to be someone who has a fervent belief in Christianity, but also it is clear that this is not the be all and end all to his beliefs, as his Indian heritage is also very important to him. Note how he is introduced with some of the things that he carried:
Kiowa, a devout Baptist, carried an illustrated New Testament that had been presented to him by his father, who taught Sunday school in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. As a hedge against bad times, however, Kiowa also carried his grandmother's distrust of the white man, his grandfather's old hunting hatchet. Necessity dictated.
Note the way in which Kiowa is shown to be hedging his bets somewhat, placing faith in both his Christian upbringing but also his Indian heritage to see him through this war. The phrase, "As a hedge against bad times," indicates the way in which Kiowa believes that you might as well place your faith in as many things as possible, as it definitely can't hurt. The contrast then is between two different sets of beliefs as Kiowa interestingly chooses items to carry that reflect his own belief in Christianity but also his Indian roots.