How do the heavens "blaze forth" the death of Caesar?

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On the eve of the Ides of March, a thunderstorm is occurring. This, given in Shakespeare's stage direction, is the only objective evidence, coincidental as it might be, that the gods are producing an omen that some great or terrible event is to occur. The other things—Calpurnia's report that a...

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On the eve of the Ides of March, a thunderstorm is occurring. This, given in Shakespeare's stage direction, is the only objective evidence, coincidental as it might be, that the gods are producing an omen that some great or terrible event is to occur. The other things—Calpurnia's report that a lioness has given birth in the streets, that graves have opened up, and that there has been a great battle in heaven causing blood to rain down on the capital—could all simply be someone's hallucinations. In antiquity, people genuinely believed in omens and that the heavens would, as Calpurnia says, "blaze forth the death of princes."

The ambiguity with which all these elements of the supernatural are presented, in my view, simply enhances the power and the universal meanings in Shakespeare's drama. In Julius Caesar the "blazing forth" of lightning, graves opening, and battles in the sky, just like the Soothsayer's prescience about the Ides of March, are both real and unreal. They are, at the very least, symbolic of the power, both creative and destructive, of man's imagination and expressive of an indissoluble link among God (or to the ancient Romans, the gods), nature, and humanity.

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The heavens “blaze forth” before the death of Julius Caesar as bizarre occurrences follow one after another; they are omens of terrible things.

The heavens "blaze forth" in Act I, Scene III, when thunder and lightning signal the beginning of strange happenings. During the storm, Casca tells Cicero of having witnessed bizarre occurrences such as the heavens dropping fire; a hand looks as though it is on fire, but it is not burning; there is a lion walking in the capital; and men are on fire as they walk through the streets.

Then in Act III, Scene 2, Calpurnia perceives ill omens, which she interprets as foretelling danger to Caesar. She has seen a lioness giving birth on the streets and warriors fighting fiercely as blood falls on the Capitol. Also, Capurnia warns Caesar: 

The noise of battle filled the air, and horses neighed, and dying men groaned, and ghosts shrieked and squealed in the streets. Oh, Caesar! These things are beyond anything we’ve seen before, and I’m afraid. (2.2.21-26)

But Caesar tells his wife that he will go forth since there is nothing to do to stop the gods.

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The heavens literally show their disapproval when they "blaze forth". Due to divine selection, Caesar is much more than a modern-day leader. The gods foreshadow the terror and destruction of Caesar's Rome through disturbing astronomical happenings.

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The reference is to Calpurnia's plea with Caesar not to go to the Capitol on the Ides of March. She has heard of the terrible storm the night before, and Calpurnia fears that it is an omen fortelling Caesar's death. You may find the passage in II.ii. A description of the storm is also in I.iii, in the speeches of Casca and Cassius.

Note that not everyone views the storm the same way. Caesar, Casca, Cicero, and Cassius all have their own interpretations of the storm's meaning.

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