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How do slavery, caste, and class system of social stratification differ?

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These different systems generally have some distinctions. Slavery in the United States, for example, became based on race. While some whites were poor and worked as indentured servants in colonial America (this also occurred in the years of the early Republic), they always had the possibility of freedom. However, slavery offered no hope of release, and slaves in the US were all African American. In other societies, slavery may not be based on race, but it generally offers no hope of freedom and involves the ownership of one person by another. In some societies (such as in the US before emancipation), slavery was inherited, but in other societies, it is not inherited.

The caste system is generally inherited. People are born into the same caste as their parents. This system may not necessarily be based on race. People generally cannot escape their caste but must live in their caste for their entire lives.

A class system is based on socioeconomic status. To some degree, this system is...

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