Hard Times Questions and Answers
by Charles Dickens

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How do Sissy Jupe and Bitzer represents the two opposite values of education?

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Sissy learns things by doing. For instance, she knows what horses are, not by memorizing Mr. Gradgrind's ludicrously over-factual description of these "graminivorous quadrupeds," but by being around them at the circus. Sissy has a highly developed imagination, which makes her a much more effective learner than most of the other children in class, who simply regurgitate in parrot-fashion whatever Gradgrind teaches them without really understanding any of it. Sissy's approach to learning also makes her a threat to Gradgrind's authority, which is why he's so determined to squeeze every last drop of imagination right out of her, the better to cram her mind full of facts and nothing but facts.

Bitzer also manages to rise above the limitations of...

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