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How do plant cells differ from animal cells?  

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There are a number of differences between plant and animal cells, especially with respect to the presence or absence of organelle.

  •  Cell wall: is present in plant cell and is absent in animal cells.
  • Vacuoles: Plant cells have a large vacuole, while animal cells contain multiple small vacuoles.
  • Chloroplasts: Plants cells contain chloroplasts (which contain chlorophyll, essential for the process of photosynthesis by which plants make their own food), while animal cells do not.
  • Flagella: is typically absent from plant cells.
  • Shape: Plant cells have a more regular shape (generally rectangular), while animal cells have irregular shapes.
  • Lysosomes: are generally present in animal cells, while they are absent in plant cells.
  • Cilia: animal cells have cilia, while they are generally absent from plant cells.
  • Plastids: are present in plant cells and are absent in animal cells.

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