How do our 5 senses impact perception?
Perception is the awareness of the world we gain through the senses. This is to say that when we perceive any object we do so by employing the senses. If I enter a room in which there is a freshly baked loaf of bread, I will probably perceive the aroma through my sense of smell even before I see it. When I tear off a piece, I shall perceive it through my sense of touch and will hear the crust breaking. Finally, I experience the bread through taste when I eat it. I have therefore perceived the bread through all five senses.
If I lacked one or more of these senses, I would perceive the bread in a different way, more limited but perhaps also more intense. If I were blind, for instance, my sense of smell might be more acute, intensifying my perception of the bread's aroma. If, however, I had no senses, I would not be able to perceive the bread at all. I should still be able to think about it, however. Because rational analysis can take place without any of the senses (while perception is entirely dependent on retaining at least one of them), some philosophers, such as Descartes, have dismissed perception as unimportant in the process of cognition.
check Approved by eNotes Editorial