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How do MNCs and INGOs impact the Global North and Global South divide?

MNCs and INGOs from the Global North play an increasingly significant role in the Global South. This has prompted controversy as to whether or not Northern MNCs and INGOs widen and reinforce a divide in development. For example, sometimes INGOs implement programs that create Southern reliance on Northern intervention, instead of helping Southern communities become self-reliant. MNCs also frequently underpay Southern workers and increase pollution. However, sometimes these organizations do meet critical needs by providing resources necessary to stimulate development.

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INGOS (international non-governmental organizations) aim to provide critical services around the world independent of government control. For example, the INGO "Save the Children" provides childcare and educational resources to developing communities or regions in crisis. The intent of such organizations is to provide free aid to people in need and...

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INGOS (international non-governmental organizations) aim to provide critical services around the world independent of government control. For example, the INGO "Save the Children" provides childcare and educational resources to developing communities or regions in crisis. The intent of such organizations is to provide free aid to people in need and it can be argued that they thus make a positive impact.

However, INGOs are frequently critiqued for providing unsustainable aid. For example, providing school workbooks to a school only allows the community to benefit until the workbooks are used up. Instead, providing services like teacher training would enhance the overall quality of education, allowing the community to benefit over time. This example shows how distribution of free aid can create southern reliance on the north. If education only improves when the northern organizations deliver more resources, the south will never be able to independently develop.

The same reliance can be created by MNCs (Multinational Corporations). These corporations oversee production of products in more than one country. For example, Coca-Cola is a well known MNC. It can also be argued that MNCs benefit the Global South by providing resources that may be lacking such as food and drinks. However, these corporations have also been critiqued in recent years for intentionally creating southern reliance on the north for profit. For example, consider how Coca-Cola began distributing their products in low-income towns in Brazil. Many of these communities do not have clear drinking water and residents have thus turned to the sugar sweetened beverage for hydration.

Ultimately, MNCs and INGOs do work that has the potential to lessen the divide between the Global North and Global South. But lately much of their work has been increasing that divide by creating reliance on northern intervention.

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