How do Macbeth by Shakespeare, Waiting for Godot by Beckett, and Oedipus the King offer social criticism of the societies they depict?

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In each drama, there is criticism offered for not only the specific social context in which the play is written, but for all such contexts.  Shakespeare's drama is one of the most pointed in bringing out the dangerous side to ambition, and the desire to appropriate the world in accordance...

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In each drama, there is criticism offered for not only the specific social context in which the play is written, but for all such contexts.  Shakespeare's drama is one of the most pointed in bringing out the dangerous side to ambition, and the desire to appropriate the world in accordance to one's own subjectivity.  The moral depravity and abyss that accompanies Macbeth is one that brings a new light to any particular quest that is steeped in misguided ambition.  For Oedipus, the forceful and vociferous nature in which he seeks to use his freedom in the hopes of overcoming his fated destiny is something that brings a great deal of light to the potential limitations of freedom.  Oedipus believes that his autonomy and freedom have no limits and can transcend just about anything, a lesson painfully learned at the play's end.  Beckett's condition of moral paralysis and "waiting" that impacts his characters seems to be as large of a statement.  As opposed to Oedipus and Macbeth who learn the constraints of their actions, Vladimir and Estragon are plagued by a lack of action, a type of paralysis that is caused by their waiting, their belief in some external salvation or totalizing force that will absolve them from having to take action.  In the end, they are left with only that: Waiting for something that is not going to be there at that evening, but might be there the next night.  Forever doomed to paralysis in the name of waiting, the lack of action is in stark opposition to the previous two plays where freedom accompanies painful ends.

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