Ralph is a proponent of civilization and uses his authority as chief to establish a civil, democratic society, while Jack uses his authority to rule as a brutal tyrant toward the end of the novel. Ralph holds assemblies, during which he encourages each boy to speak openly, creates necessary rules, and directs the boys to complete numerous tasks that increase their chances of survival and rescue. While Ralph is depicted as a relatively poor leader, he attempts to use his authority in a benevolent manner. Ralph is primarily concerned about the littluns' well-being and the boys' chances of rescue and survival on the island.
In contrast, Jack uses his authority to protect his position of power and to advance his status among the boys. Jack selfishly wields power by threatening and manipulating the boys. Jack expects complete and utter obedience and tortures whoever disagrees with his political agenda. Unlike Ralph, Jack is not concerned with any of the boys' well-being, and he does not promote democracy. He rules as a brutal tyrant and effectively controls the boys through intimidation, manipulation, and force of personality. The boys respect Jack as an expert hunter and protector, and they also fear him. While Ralph is the more civil leader, he is less effective and cannot properly lead the boys when given the opportunity.