How do Islamic perceptions of heaven and hell differ from those of Christianity and Judaism?

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The main source of the Islamic teaching on heaven and hell is the Qur’an. For Judaism, such a source is the Tanakh (the Old Testament), while Christianity bases its eschatology (or doctrine of the "last things") on both the Old and New Testaments. According to the critical viewpoint, Muslim theology is dependent on both Jewish ad Christian teachings, which includes those on heaven and hell.

The three religions have much in common in terms of general descriptions of heaven and hell. Leaving aside doctrinal points that are debatable within each of the three faiths (the eternity of hell,...

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Christians

The concept of Hell in Christianity is one that sounds harsher than the rest. As a way of avoiding to go to hell, a christian is expected to accept Jesus as their personal savior, believe that He died on the cross for their sins and believe that he is coming soon. There are other ideologies such as baptism, constant reading of the bible and so on that helps one qualify to go to heaven and shun hell. Failure to do all the mentioned above guarantees that one will go to hell and burn for eternity with no options of ever getting redeemed back to heaven.

Islam

Muslims believe that people go to hell when their bad deeds outweigh their good deeds. Their concept of hell is harsh for those who do not please Allah, but there is hope because one serves their term in hell in regards to the amount of bad deeds committed and this means that after staying in hell for a number of years depending on the amount of sin committed, one can eventually cross over to heaven.

Judaism

The emphasis of heaven and hell in Judaism is not much and the concept of reward and punishment is also not considered much. People who have done many wrongs might face harsh judgement from God if they do not repent, but those that live a good life might end up spending the rest of their lives withtheir departed dead ones.

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