The main source of the Islamic teaching on heaven and hell is the Qur’an. For Judaism, such a source is the Tanakh (the Old Testament), while Christianity bases its eschatology (or doctrine of the "last things") on both the Old and New Testaments. According to the critical viewpoint, Muslim theology is dependent on both Jewish ad Christian teachings, which includes those on heaven and hell.
The three religions have much in common in terms of general descriptions of heaven and hell. Leaving aside doctrinal points that are debatable within each of the three faiths (the eternity of hell, particulars of the eschatological events, etc.), the main differences between the respective perceptions of heaven and hell may be summed up as follows.
Islam emphasizes the physical aspect of the blessedness of the righteous and the torment of the wicked. The Qur’an is rife with fragmentary but at the same time poignant pictures of the two opposing realities. Of the three religions, Islam is probably...
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