How do I identify ethical or moral issues linked to scientific or technological developments in GM Farming?
I think you are going to have a lot more issues raised when you start messing with the genetics of any thing, whether it is a fruit, vegetable, or a lab rat. There are a lot of people that think it is wrong to mess with the genetics of anything.
The two issues are different in my mind, given that the genetically modified organisms run into ethical issues as well as scientific ones whereas technological innovations generally only find small resistance ethically and are most often welcomed by the majority of the scientific community.
There are those that feel that genetically modified organisms are against the laws of nature, something that becomes nearly a religious objection. Scientifically there are legitimate concerns about the long-term consequences for the ecosystems in which they are introduced as well as the differences in nutrition, etc., when the modified crops are consumed by humans.
Technological advancements are almost always hailed as advancements, but there is a minority of scientists and others who try to question what is being replaced and the ultimate quality or good of a new kind of technology or a modified process.