Family dynamics can be defined as the culture, structure, and makeup of one's family, which significantly influence each member's perspective, interests, personality, behavior, and life choices. Family dynamics are affected by a number of factors, such as family size, core values, communication skills, social status, environment, individual personalities, and culture. In the classic novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee examines and illustrates the various ways family dynamics impact certain characters' identities.
The story's protagonist, Scout, is raised by her father and several influential females who act as her surrogate mother. Scout's father is depicted as a morally upright lawyer who is honest, sincere, and tolerant. Scout's father is an upstanding role model for his children and teaches them important life lessons. Scout and Jem are both positively influenced by their father and female role models. Atticus, Alexandra, and Cal help shape Scout and Jem's identity as they develop into compassionate, tolerant children who exercise perspective and sympathy. Scout and Jem Finch are products of their upbringing, and many of Atticus's positive attributes are instilled in them.
In contrast, Burris and Mayella are products of their disastrous home life and upbringing. Burris and Mayella were raised by a notorious, unscrupulous alcoholic who verbally and physically abused them. They are also racist, disrespectful characters who are dishonest and offensive like their father, Bob Ewell. The family dynamics of the Ewell household significantly impact Burris and Mayella's identity, and they are identified as two of the most despicable characters in the story. Walter Cunningham Jr.'s identity is also shaped by his family dynamics, and he is portrayed as an honest, hard-working child who shares similar attributes with his father. Despite being poor, Walter Cunningham Jr. is a morally upright child who is friendly and sincere.