The opinion of the English government, at least King George III and the North Administration, about the Boston Tea Party can be measured by its reaction to the event. Parliament, at the urging of the King and his minister, passed the Coercive Acts, aimed specifically at punishing Boston for the intransigence of its citizens, and at making an example of the city. The acts, known as the "Intolerable Acts" among American Whigs, were uncompromising. The Boston Port Act closed the port of Boston until the city compensated the British East India Company for its losses; the Massachusetts Government Act essentially revoked the colony's charter and placed it under martial law; and the Administration of Justice Act allowed British officials charged with breaking the law to be tried in British courts rather than in the colonies. The Tea Party was the last straw for the British, and the Intolerable Acts turned out to be the last straw for many colonists as well. Revolutionary committees in almost every colony unanimously condemned the acts, and they began to raise money (usually in direct defiance of colonial governors) to support the colony of Massachusetts. The Intolerable Acts were the tipping point in the imperial crisis that led to the American Revolution.