### Characteristics of Quadratic Functions

1. Standard form is *y* = *ax*2 + *bx* + *c*, where *a≠* 0.

2. The graph is a **parabola**, a u-shaped figure.

3. The parabola will open upward or downward.

4. **A parabola that opens upward** contains a vertex that is a **minimum** point.

**A parabola that opens downward** contains a vertex that is a **maximum** point.

Click , to view *Parabola that opens upward* and *Parabola that opens downward*.

5. The **domain** of a quadratic function is all real numbers.

6. To determine the **range** of a quadratic function, ask yourself

two questions:

*Is the vertex a minimum or*

maximum?*What is the y-value of the vertex?*

If the vertex is a *minimum*, then the range is *all real numbers greater than or equal to the y-value*.

If the vertex is a *maximum*, then the range is *all real numbers less than or equal to the y-value*.

7. An **axis of symmetry** (also known as a **line of symmetry**) will divide the parabola into mirror images. The line of symmetry is always a vertical line of the form *x *= *n*, where *n* is a real number. Click **More Images** to view *Parabola that opens upward.* Its axis of symmetry is the vertical line *x* =0.

8. The *x***-intercepts** are the points at which a parabola intersects the *x*-axis. These points are also known as **zeroes**, **roots**, **solutions**, and **solution sets**. Each quadratic function will have two, one, or no *x*-intercepts.

Consider a polynomial function

`P(x)=ax^2+bx+c,a!=0`

The degree of P(x) is 2. Thus P(x) is quadratic polynomial. Also it can be said that P(x) is quadratic function. To determine if function is quadratic, first check if function is polynomial, second ceheck its degree if degree is 2 then quadratic otherwise not quadratic.