How do “contending nationalist loyalties” create conflict for people in Canada or for people around the world? Explain the reasons for your answer.

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Contending nationalist loyalties can and do create problems for people around the world. In societies like Canada and the United States, this can be an issue for immigrants who come from other countries or for their children. On the one hand, they may feel pressure to conform to the culture of the country in which they have settled. On the other, many in their community, particularly older members, might place more emphasis on holding on to their culture. These communities, sometimes known as "diaspora" communities, often feel pulled between different identities. Many times, these communities can also be confronted by xenophobia. People who hold radicalized concepts of nationalism and belonging dispute their legitimacy. These issue has become especially prominent in Western Europe. The area has witnessed an unprecedented surge in immigration from Africa and the Middle East in recent years. The United States is another place experiencing these issues.

Contending nationalist loyalties also play a complicated role in the lives of ethnic minorities in a state organized around a large ethnic majority. In the Balkans, for example, Bosnians who lived in Serbian-dominated territory faced persecution in the 1990s. Their persecution came in the aftermath of the collapse of Yugoslavia. Today, ethnic Kurds who live in Turkey and Iraq find themselves facing persecution, especially by the Turkish government. Kurds are viewed as an existential threat by the Turkish government. Like many ethnic minorities in this situation, Kurds have attempted to resolve this problem related to national identity by carving out their own nation-state.

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