One Biblical theory or symbol in Steinbeck's work that reflects loneliness would be the sacrificial lamb. Lennie has to be the sacrificial symbol in order to placate the mob that is pursuing him. This position is a very lonely position, symbolized by how Lennie's dreams are essentially all that keeps him company at the end. Another Biblical theory in Steinbeck's work that indicates loneliness would be the unenlightened masses. As Jesus is on the cross, he calls out to the heavens and asks "forgiveness, for they know not what they do." Certainly, Carlson and Curley are forces that "know not what they do." They are forces that reflect a condition of loneliness because they are deprived of enlightened understanding. Finally, I think that the overall lack of spiritual guidance in all of the characters contributes to a sense of loneliness that hovers over them all. The Biblical theory of the relationship between individual and God is that if an individual takes God in their heart, they are not alone. Those who do not are condemned to be alone. This theory is evident in Steinbeck's work. All of the characters lack a spiritual foundation and because of this, their punishment is to be condemned to loneliness.