How do anthropologists explain human violence? Describe an alternative explanation for human violence that is not anthropological
Anthropologists study violence through the lens of human cultural development. They usually focus on institutionalized violence such as warfare and genital mutilation. They also study subcultural violence like fraternity hazing. Anthropologists see violence as a means of establishing and maintaining hierarchy within a cultural group. People who undergo violent rituals to become part of a group are likely to invest great time and energy into protecting that group. They will highly value their group membership group because it was so painful to become initiated.
One non-anthropological approach to explaining human violence is the psychological approach. The psychological approach explains violence by describing what happens within the psyche of the individual perpetrating the violence. A psychological approach to explaining violence emphasizes individual motivations rather than cultures and institutions.