After the Civil War, William Tecumseh Sherman remained in the in the United States Army. He was named the commander of the Military Division of the Mississippi during the time the Transcontinental Railroad was being built. The Plains Native People occupied land needed to complete the railroad. Pressuring the chiefs, Sherman used his tactics to force them off their land. He knew that the Plains People depended on the bison that lived on their land. During the 1860’s Sherman and his men destroyed five million of the animals, which brought them close to extinction and deprived the Native Americans of their valued natural resource.
In 1869, Sherman became the commanding general of the United States Army and he continued with his commandeering tactics. During the 1870’s his troops forced most of the Plains Indians off their land and onto reservations where they were forced to live.