How did western powers use diplomacy and war to gain power in Qing china? (I know some causes, but I need more.)
-Opium trade disrupts economy.
-Opium War with Britain.
-Treaty of Nanjing forces China to make concessions to British.
Some other things that happened in this (rather long) time period:
- The war between France and England on the one side, and China. This was in 1858. It forced the Chinese to give up the Kowloon Peninsula near Hong Kong and also to allow broader privileges to the foreigners.
- The general grabbing of concessions by foreign powers in the late 1890s.
- The American insistence on the "Open Door." Here, the Americans took for themselves the same sorts of concessions that the European nations had.
- The Boxer Rebellion -- this really emphasized the weakness of the Chinese government and the power the West had over it.
China’s self sufficient economy posed a challenge to western powers at the time because although they needed some products from China such as silk, China did not need anything from them and payment for Chinese products was in silver which was limited in the Western territories. This forced the Western powers to use diplomatic techniques such as free trade to establish economic relations with the Qing dynasty. At one point, the British sent a delegation to discuss and establish economic relations with the Qing dynasty. This attempt by the British at establishing diplomatic ties failed when the Emperor declined their proposal.
After the First opium war and the subsequent defeat of the Chinese military by Britain, China was forced to open up its ports to British trade. The Chinese in return received military support from Western powers when the dynasty was suffering internal revolts.