The United States and the Allies implemented different plans to achieve victory in Europe and in Japan. In Europe, the Allies decided to conquer North Africa before beginning the invasion of Europe. After North Africa was liberated, the Allies moved to control the Italian Peninsula, which was accomplished in 1944 after nearly a year of fighting. The Allies also worked to gain control over the Atlantic Ocean. By using convoys and new technology such as radar, the Allies were able to gain the upper hand in the Atlantic Ocean, which made it easier to get troops and supplies to Europe. The Allies then planned to invade France in order to free it from German control. Some of the toughest battles in Europe came when the Allies landed in Normandy on June 6, 1944. Eventually, the Allies liberated France and moved into Germany, eventually leading to Germany’s surrender in May 1945.
In the Pacific, the Allied strategy, which was mainly carried out by the United States, was to recapture islands that were lost to Japan earlier in the war. This strategy, known as island hopping, enabled the Allies to regain these lost islands one at a time, thereby moving closer and closer to Japan. Eventually, the Allies began to bomb Japan, and after the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, Japan surrendered, bringing an end to World War II.