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How did the United States implement the policy of containment at the end of World War II ?

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One of the most important components of containment was economic policy. The Truman Administration understood that Communism tended to thrive in countries with weak economies and weak governmental institutions.

Under the Marshall Plan, the Administration sought to strengthen European countries against the threat of Communism by giving large-scale economic assistance. It was hoped that this would make it harder for Communism to take hold in the war-ravaged economies of Europe, especially Western Europe. Western Europe was of great strategic importance to the United States, and it was unthinkable to the Truman Administration that the Soviet Union could gain a foothold here through its proxies. Countries such as France and Italy were especially vulnerable to Communist takeover, as they both had large and very well-organized Communist parties who'd earned a great deal of popularity from their prominent role in the anti-fascist resistance.

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The policy of containment was recommended to American...

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