With the administration of the greatest general of World War II, Dwight D. Eisenhower, as president of the United States, the country knew 0 inflation. After soldiers returned home, in 1946 the "Baby Boom" began and the construction of homes also boomed. The parents of the "baby boomers" were frugal. Having lived through the Great Depression, these people distrusted banks and buying things on credit. Therefore, they saved and paid cash for whatever they wanted, unless absolutely necessary, as in the case of the purchase of a home. Their values and ethics were above reproach; "one's word is one's bond" was repeatedly spoken. People were decent with a respect for their neighbor's natural rights. There was little need for the police to patrol many neighborhoods. The majority of men worked for a living; since inflation was so low, mothers could stay home and raise the children, even if they had worked during the war. Prevalent in this age was decency and the work ethic.
In the 1960s the "Baby Boomers" went to college, often the first of their families. At the universities, these young adults were exposed to the liberal and often radical ideals of professors, much unlike the thinking of their conservative parents. Influenced by new ideas and rebellious against the almost fearful conservatism of their Depression parents who seemed concerned only for their own welfare, these students joined radical groups such as the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). This group was active in the civil rights movement, but later became active in anti-VietNam War protests. The SDS often coordinated activities with the Black Panthers and espoused radical, though at first Marxist, means of protest. A splinter group, known as the Weathermen believed in violent revolution and acts of terrorism to achieve their goals; this group was implicated in a number of bombings at colleges and federal institutions. Another radical group, the Yippies, was responsible for disrupting the Democratic Convention for President held in Chicago with their candidate Pigasus. The Yippies, whose leader was Abbie Hoffman, caused the ensuing riots in the Second City.
Of course, the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s was extremely consequential to the country. Economically, jobs were opened to minorities with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as President Johnson ordered "affirmative action," and desegregation dramatically changed the South socially as well as major cities in the North in which forced busing was enacted, changing the demographics of public schools. Indeed, life in the United States was altered dramatically in the I960s. Having socially altered the U.S., the Baby Boomers also began the consumerism that is prevalent today.