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How did the Tuskegee Airmen contribute to victory in World War II?

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Michael Koren eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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During World War II, our military was segregated. The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of African-American men who flew for the United States during World War II. They trained at Tuskegee Army Airfield in Alabama. There were around 1,000 African-American pilots in this group. They flew many missions for our military in World War II, and they were very successful in accomplishing their goals. For example, they were able to destroy several German fighter jets and a Germany destroyer in two separate missions.

The men were fighting discrimination and racism on two fronts. They were fighting to combat racism abroad, and they were fighting to prove they should be treated equally within the United States. This was part of the Double V campaign. Their efforts helped lead to the integration of the armed forces in 1948.

This group served with distinction. They received eight Purple Heart awards. They also received 14 Bronze Stars, three Distinguished Unit citations, and 96 Distinguished Flying Crosses. The Tuskegee Airmen played an important role in our fighting in World War II.

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Inuk Lee eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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This is a great question and one that is important. The Tuskegee Airmen were also called the 332nd Fighter group and the 477th Bombardment group in the United States Airforce during World War II. They were important for three reasons.

First, they were African American soldiers that were allowed to fight for their own country. At first many Americans unfairly judged them and did not want them to see real military combat. But eventually they were allowed to fight and fight they did.

Second, there were one of the most successful group of airforce fighters. They won an amazing amount and they served in Europe. There record speaks for themselves:

  • 261 aircraft destroyed
  • 148 aircraft damaged
  • 311 missions
  • 95 Distinguished Flying Crosses an important award

Third, In view of these victories, they helped win in Europe.

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